UNITED KINGDOM MNO COMPANIES
3 is a brand name under which several UMTS-based mobile phone networks and Broadband Internet
Providers are operated in Australia, Austria, Denmark, Hong Kong, Macau, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The company was founded in 2002.
Hutchison Whampoa owns direct majority interests in the companies that operate the networks that are branded 3, except 3 Hong Kong and 3 Indonesia. These networks are majority-owned by Hutchison Telecommunications International, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hutchison Whampoa.
All 3-branded networks provide 3G technology (WCDMA, some also run 2G and 4G networks). Hutchison Whampoa no longer holds a 3G license in Israel which was operated under the brand Orange, and in Norway which is not operational yet. As of 31 December 2012, registered 3 customers worldwide numbered over 23.5 million.
EE Everything Everywhere
merly Everything Everywhere, is a United Kingdom mobile network operator and internet service provider. The company was formed in 2010 as a 50:50 joint venture between Deutsche Telekom and Orange S.A. (formerly France Télécom) through the merger of their respective T-Mobile and Orange businesses in the UK. It is the largest mobile network operator in the UK, with around 28 million customers.
EE is headquartered in Hatfield, United Kingdom, and also has main offices in Bristol, Darlington, North Tyneside and London. It operates under the EE, Orange and T-Mobile brands and currently only offers its services within the UK. In addition to mobile telephone services, EE also provide an IPTV service through their EE TV Box
O2 (United Kingdom)
Telefónica UK Limited (trading as O2 – stylised as O2) is a telecommunications, internet and financial services provider in the United Kingdom owned by Telefónica. It is the second-largest mobile telecommunications provider in the United Kingdom after EE Limited, and is headquartered in Slough.
O2 was formed in 1985 as Cellnet, a 60:40 joint venture between BT Group and Securicor. In 1999, BT Group acquired Securicor’s 40 percent share of Cellnet and the company was later rebranded as BT Cellnet. In June 2000 BT Cellnet launched the world’s first commercial General Packet Radio Service. BT Cellnet, together with BT Group’s mobile telecommunications businesses in Germany, Ireland and the Netherlands were part of the BT Wireless division. This was spun off from the BT Group in 2002 to form a new holding company, mmO2 plc, which introduced the new “O2” brand for the businesses. mmO2 plc was subsequently renamed O2 plc.
In 2005, it was announced that the Spanish telecommunications company Telefónica had agreed to acquire O2 plc for £18 billion. As part of the terms of the acquisition Telefónica agreed to retain the “O2” brand and the company’s UK headquarters. O2 plc became Telefónica Europe.
Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications company headquartered in London and with its registered office in Newbury, Berkshire. It is the world’s 2nd-largest mobile telecommunications company measured by both subscribers and 2013 revenues (behind China Mobile), and had 434 million subscribers as of 31 March 2014.
Vodafone owns and operates networks in 21 countries and has partner networks in over 40 additional countries. Its Vodafone Global Enterprise division provides telecommunications and IT services to corporate clients in over 65 countries.
Vodafone has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It had a market capitalisation of approximately £89.1 billion as of 6 July 2012, the third-largest of any company listed on the London Stock Exchange. It has a secondary listing on NASDAQ
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